Most hair restoration physicians recommend that their hair transplant patients use the medical hair loss treatments Propecia (finasteride) and Rogaine (minoxidil) indefinitely after surgery. Some patients question if these hair loss drugs are required to maintain their surgical results.
Assuming the doctor is skilled and experienced at performing surgical hair restoration, he or she should have harvested the follicular unit grafts from the permanent zone. As the name suggests, hair from the permanent zone is immune to the effects of genetic hair loss and does not need hair loss drugs to continue growing for a lifetime.
So, what is the reason for the recommending medical treatment? Well, a lot of hair transplant patients have a substantial amount of remaining hair on their balding heads. Because male pattern baldness is progressive, most or all of this hair will eventually fall out. By using Propecia and Rogaine, this hair can be retained longer and made more healthy than it would have been without the drugs. In other words, they can enhance the appearance of a hair transplant by bulking up existing, non-transplanted hair.
To summarize, hair loss drugs are not needed for the continued growth of hair harvested from the donor area. It is only used to maintain and regrow hair that is susceptible to the effects of androgenic alopecia.
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